Female Genital Mutilation

What is Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)?

Female genital mutilation (FGM) comprises all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. It is also known as "female circumcision" or "cutting", and by other terms such as Sunna, Gudniin, Halalays, Tahur, Megrez and Khitan, among others. 

FGM is usually carried out on young girls between infancy and the age of 15, most commonly before puberty starts. The practice is internationally recognised as a violation of the human rights of girls and women and is illegal in the UK. FGM has no health benefits and can lead to serious, long-term physical complications and psychological affects including depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder.

More information on what FGM involves and the effects on victims can be found by visiting the NHS website.